The National Center on Sleep Disorders Research Sleep Quiz

The National Center on Sleep Disorders Research (NCSDR), located within the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), was established in 1993 to combat a serious public health concern. About 70 million Americans suffer from sleep problems; among them, nearly 60 percent have a chronic disorder. Each year, sleep disorders, sleep deprivation, and sleepiness add an estimated $15.9 billion to the national health care bill. Additional costs to society for related health problems, lost worker productivity, and accidents have not been calculated. Sleep disorders and disturbances of sleep comprise a broad range of problems, including sleep apnea, narcolepsy, insomnia, parasomnia, jet-lag syndrome, and disturbed biological and circadian rhythms.

  • Sleep is a time when your body and brain shut down for rest and relaxation.

False. Although it is a time when your body rests and restores its energy levels, sleep is an active state that affects both your physical and mental well being.

  • If you regularly doze off unintentionally during the day, you may need more than just a good night sleep.

True. Many people doze off unintentionally during the day despite getting their usual night of sleep. This could be a sign of a sleep disorder.

  • If you snore loudly and persistently at night and are sleepy during the day, you may have a sleep disorder.

True.  Persistent loud snoring at night and daytime sleepiness are the main symptoms of a common and serious sleep disorder called sleep apnea. Another symptom is frequent long pauses in breathing during sleep, followed by choking and gasping for breath.

  • Opening the car window or turning the radio up will keep the drowsy driver awake.

False.  Opening the car window or turning the radio up may arouse a drowsy driver briefly, but this won’t keep that person alert behind the wheel. Even mild drowsiness is enough to reduce concentration and reaction time. The sleep-deprived driver may nod off for a couple of seconds at a time without even knowing it—enough time to kill himself or someone else.

  • Narcolepsy is a sleep disorder marked by “sleep attacks.”

True.  People with narcolepsy fall asleep uncontrollably—at any time of the day, in all types of situations—regardless of the amount or quality of sleep they’ve had the night before. Narcolepsy is characterized by these ‘sleep attacks,’ as well as by daytime sleepiness, episodes of muscle weakness or paralysis, and disrupted nighttime sleep.

  • The primary cause of insomnia is worry.

False.  Insomnia has many different causes, including physical and mental conditions and stress. Insomnia is the perception that you don’t get enough sleep because you can’t fall asleep or stay asleep or get back to sleep once you’ve awakened during the night. It affects people of all ages, usually for just an occasional night or two, but sometimes for weeks, months, or even years.

  • One cause of not getting enough sleep is restless legs syndrome.

True.  Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is a medical condition distinguished by tingling sensations in the legs—and sometimes the arms—while sitting or lying still, especially at bedtime. The person with RLS needs to constantly stretch or move the legs to try to relieve these uncomfortable or painful symptoms. As a result, he or she has difficulty falling asleep or staying asleep and usually feels extremely sleepy and unable to function fully during the day. Good sleep habits and medication can help the person with RLS.

  • The body has a natural ability to adjust to different sleep schedules such as working different shifts or traveling through multiple time zones quickly.

False.  The human body’s biological clock programs each person to feel sleepy during the nighttime hours and to be active during the daylight hours. People who work the night shift and try to sleep during the day are constantly fighting their biological clocks. This puts them at risk of errors and accidents at work as well as disturbed sleep. Sleeping during the day in a dark, quiet bedroom and getting exposure to sufficient bright light at the right time can help improve daytime alertness.

  • People need less sleep as they grow older.

False.  As we get older, we don’t need less sleep, but we often get less sleep. That’s because our ability to sleep for long periods of time and to get into the deep restful stages of sleep decreases with age. Older people have more fragile sleep and are more easily disturbed by light, noise, and pain. They also may have medical conditions that contribute to sleep problems. Going to bed at the same time every night and getting up at the same time every morning, getting exposure to natural outdoor light during the day, and sleeping in a cool, dark, quiet place at night may help.

  • More people doze off at the wheel of a car in the early morning or mid afternoon than in the evening.

True.  Our bodies are programmed by our biological clock to experience two natural periods of sleepiness during the 24-hour day, regardless of the amount of sleep we’ve had in the previous 24 hours. The primary period is between about midnight and 7:00 a.m. A second period of less intense sleepiness is in the midafternoon, between about 1:00 and 3:00. This means that we are more at risk of falling asleep at the wheel at these times than in the evening–especially if we haven’t been getting enough sleep.


The goal of the MediLodge Whole Person Wellness Program is to recognize the unique individuality of everyone. This approach to wellness is an active process in which each individual is encouraged to make choices towards personal growth in seven dimensions of wellness: physical, social, emotional, spiritual, intellectual, occupational/vocational and financial. With a whole person wellness approach, the physical needs will not be downplayed, but will be held in equal importance as the dimensions that involve mind and spirit. In whole person wellness, a high priority is placed on prevention, individual involvement and the responsibility we each have for achieving optimal wellness of body, mind and spirit.

Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: